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This list of peer-reviewed, English-language books and articles is a great starting place for identifying publications that allow you to learn more about queer German history before and during the Holocaust. For works in additional languages, visit the Bibliography on Lesbian and Trans Women in Nazi Germany (maintained by Dr. Anna Hájková) and the Bibliography on Queer Contemporary History in German-Speaking Europe (maintained by the Freie Universität Berlin). 

Imperial & Weimar Germany (1871-1933)

Nazi Germany (1933-1945) 


Secondary Sources

Updated January 2024. To suggest that a resource be added to this page, please email

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